- NGOs, Trade Unions and the Indonesian Labour Movement
- Iskandar Tedjasukmana, The Political Character of the Indonesian Trade Union Movement
- Political Character Of The Indonesian Trade Union Movement, The
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NGOs, Trade Unions and the Indonesian Labour Movement
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Iskandar Tedjasukmana, The Political Character of the Indonesian Trade Union Movement
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Many of them had some education and several spoke Dutch. The fact that they lived in urban centres facilitated organisation. The trade-union movement in Indonesia can be divided into three main groups. First those unions whose members came from the civil service, professions, or administrative personnel in the private sector. Second, those unions who found their members among the urban low-status salaried personnel, such as the train and tramway workers. Third, those unions whose members came from the plantations.
Union of Rail and Tramway Personnel. It was founded in and was one of the more militant unions. The stability of the unions left much to be desired.
Political Character Of The Indonesian Trade Union Movement, The
The white collar unions were the most stable but also the least active. The unions of the urban workers were often unstable. Except for the V. Among the plantation workers, union stability was even less. Only the sugar workers' unions, the Personeel Fabriek Bond, P.
Union of Factory Workers ,. But this union too lost many members when wages increased and strikes failed. In general, the 's were not very successful for the young trade-unions. The various wage conflicts were too much a "tour de force" rather than well planned labour disputes, and were, on the whole, far beyond the capabilities of the inexperienced union leaders. Members, too often, thought that after receiving their wage increases, the work of the union was over and quit the organisation.
Employers, of course, took immediate advantage of such conditions and much of what was gained with difficulty was rapidly undone. The Persatuan Perserikatan Kaum Buruh Central Labour Federation , which was founded in , and was sponsored by the Sarekat Islam, collapsed in due to a conflict between the leaders. A third federation, the Persatuan Vakbonden Pekawai Negeri, was only representative of the civil servant unions. It started with some The role of the P.
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The reasons for the poor showing of the trade unions were many. Several have already been mentioned such as inexperienced leadership and the lack of consistent support by the workers. The members did not really understand the long-term aims of a trade-union and thought in short-term goals only. Furthermore, a strong employers group, backed by the Colonial Government, was not willing to give in to anything. Java was over- crowded, there was much unemployment and strike breakers could easily be found, specially in the plantation industry where few skills were required.